Infant Home Apnea Monitors: Essential Safety Features and Practices (Update)
Hazard Update [Health Devices Dec 1993;22(12):598-601]
Essential Safety Features
- Heartbeat Detector
- Remote Alarm
- Power-Loss Alarm (nonbattery-operated units)
- Safe Electrodes (wires cannot be plugged into
electrical cords or outlets)
If the monitor lacks these features: Keep
using it, follow safety practices below, and replace or modify unit as soon as
Essential Safety Practices
Daily: Check monitor and remote alarm
sounds by disconnecting leads. Use monitor self-test feature if available.
During monitoring: Always check baby any
time monitor alarms, even if alarm stops. If possible, operate from an
electrical outlet. Be sure power cords and cables are plugged in. The
breath-detection light should blink once for each breath. The heartbeat light
should blink in a consistent pattern. Immediately report unusual
Monitor placement: Never place monitor on
floor. Do not place items near monitor; they might block displays or muffle
alarms. Place monitor several feet from electrical devices.
Baby's bed: No parents, children, or pets
should sleep in same crib or bed with baby.
Monitor settings: Only your doctor or
home care provider should change monitor settings.
Training and support: You should be
trained in proper monitor use and CPR. Have your home care service regularly
check the monitor.
Apnea Monitors [12-575]
Cause of Device-Related
Device factor: Design/labeling error
User errors: Improper connection;
Inappropriate reliance on an automated feature
Support system failure: Poor prepurchase evaluation
Mechanism or Injury or
Burn (electrical); Electrical
shock/electrocution; Monitoring failure